There was no progress on international transport at the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP 18 / CMP 8 at Doha, Qatar. No decision was taken on addressing emissions from international aviation and maritime transport, and no specific reference was made to innovative financing from them. Sectoral approaches, including emissions from international transport, were one of the many issues discussed at the Conference, but proved to be an area in which the positions of the major developed and developing countries were too distant to find a compromise.
Once more working late at night did not help the IMO MEPC 64 to achieve further progress on reducing shipping emissions in autumn 2012, following a similar attempt earlier in the year. MEPC 64 aimed, but failed again, to agree and adopt a Resolution on promotion of technical co-operation and transfer of technology relating to the improvement of energy efficiency of ships. Further discussions of Market Based Measures (MBMs) continue to be held back, pending the adoption of the Resolution.
Working late at night did not help the IMO MEPC 63 to achieve further progress on reducing shipping emissions in early 2012. Two objectives were planned in this area: (1) to adopt a resolution on Technical Co-operation and Transfer of Technology relating to the improvement of energy efficiency of ships, and (2) to launch an impact assessment of the proposed Market Based Measures (MBMs), particularly on developing countries. Neither of these objectives were reached.
There was no material progress on addressing emissions from international aviation and maritime transport at the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP 17 / CMP 7 at Durban. The Parties only agreed to continued consideration of issues related to these emissions, and there was no direct reference to innovative financing arising from international transport (but compromise options were proposed ...).
At the same time, arguably, significant progress was made in Durban through the agreement to negotiate a global deal applicable to all countries!
Some progress on reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ships was made at the IMO Intersessional Meeting of the GHG Working Group (GHG-WG3). The concept of "no net incidence" through a Rebate Mechanism (RM) (0.5MB) generated a considerable interest. An optimal rebate key (0.2MB) was proposed, with values for all countries. A systematic analysis submitted , favoured a global application with a RM to ensure no net incidence on developing countries and with revenue used for climate change action.
The High-level Advisory Group on Climate Change Financing (AGF) has published its AGF report (0.3MB), as well as eight working papers, including on International Transport (0.7MB). Our Rebate Mechanism is described as a way to compensate cost burden (incidence) on developing countries from carbon price on international transport.
Further progress on reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ships was made at the IMO MEPC 61 session. MEPC received a comprehensive 300+ page report (2.5MB) and presentation (2MB) from the Expert Group on Market-based Measures (MBM-EG).
The group studied the various MBM proposals, including the Rebate Mechanism (RM) . Further details on RM were submitted, based on our work.